LAWS + CHANGES.
Welcome to the game of- Cricket.
The players, umpires/scorers in a game of
cricket may be of either gender and the Laws apply equally to both.
Cricket is a game played between two teams made up of eleven players each. There is also a reserve player called a "twelfth man" who is used should a player be injured during play.
The twelfth man is not allowed to bowl, bat, keepwicket or captain the team. His sole duty is to act as a substitute fielder.
To apply the laws and make sure the laws of cricket are upheld throughout the game there are two umpires and two scorers in place during games. Umpires are responsible for making decisions and notifying the scorers of these decisions.---------------------------------------------------------------------
Ways that Batsmen can be given out according to cricket laws.
There are a number of different ways a batsman can be given out in the game of cricket. When a bowler gets a batsman out it is said that the bowler gets a "wicket". The following examples are the different ways a batsman can be given out according to the laws of cricket:
Leg Before Wicket (LBW) - If a ball is bowled and it hits the batsman first without touching the bat then an LBW decision is possible. However for the umpire to give this out he must first answer 5. Questions in order to give the Batsman out or not out.
(1.) Whether the bowler has bowled a legal delivery.?
(2.) Was the first point of contact the batsman.?
(3.) Did the ball pitch between wicket and wicket or on the off side?.
(4.) Was the first point of interception the striker's person or equipment and not his bat.?
(5.) The umpire must then decide would the ball have hit the wicket if the batsman was not there. If his answer to this is yes then the batsman should be given out. However if the ball hits the batsman outside the line of off stump while he was attempting to play a stroke then he is not out.
Any ball that pitches outside leg stump the umpire must give not out even if the ball would have hit the wicket.
There are many other cricket laws. However these are most of the basics and will get you well on your way to playing or umpiring the game. Many of the more advanced laws can be learned along the way and are not vital to general play.
Ways to score runs.
The aim of the batsmen is to score runs. One of the main cricket laws is that for batsmen to score runs they must run to each other's end of the pitch (from one end to the other). In doing this one run is scored. Cricket laws state they may run multiple runs per shot. As well as running they can also score runs by hitting boundaries. A boundary scores the batsmen either 4 or 6 runs. A four is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary after hitting the groud while a six is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary on the full (before it hits the ground). Cricket laws also state that once a 4 or 6 has been scored any runs physically ran by the batsman are null & void. They will only obtain the 4 or 6 runs.
Runs can also be scored according to the cricket laws in the following manner. No balls, wide balls, byes & leg byes. Cricket laws state that all runs scored by these methods are awarded to the batting team but not the individual batters.
MCC. LAW CHANGES (Oct.2013).
The following 10 questions and answers were designed by the MCC. to provide umpires, scorers, players and cricket fans with some practical examples of how the law changes will effect the outcome in certain situations. These are all based on areas of law changes that have been altered in October 2013, and the 5th. Edition of the 2000 Code of cricket laws.
2. The striker hits a ball, which is not a No Ball and it lobs in the air and it seems it might land on his stumps. The wicket keeper was standing next to the stumps but, before he could take what would be a simple catch, the striker knocks the ball away with his hand NOT holding the bat. There is an appeal. Should the striker be out and if so HOW?.
3. During a delay while the sight screen is being moved, the bowler bowls a practice ball to a fielder, using the match ball. It is only a slow ball and it bounces once before the fielder catches it. Is this practice allowed.?
4. The bowler delivers the ball from a position close to the return crease but it is not a No Ball. You are sure the bowler has not touched the stumps at any time during the delivery. The batsman hits the ball in the air and is caught at mid-off. As he is about to walk off, he notices a bail on the ground at the bowlers end. He suggests to you that it should be a No Ball. What is your Decision?.
5. The striker makes a lawful second strike, using his bat, in defence of his wicket. The ball goes towards gully where a fielder picks it up and attempts to run out the striker who is standing just out of his ground. The throw misses the stumps and the ball rolls towards the boundary, but doesn't reach it, the batsmen complete one run and turn for a second. WHAT should you do.?
6. A spin bowler accidentally breaks the wicket at his own end during his delivery stride. You are the bowler's end umpire and you call and signal NO BALL. However, the bowler who realises what he has done does not release the ball. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO.?
7. The striker plays the ball and it drops in front of him. He immediately picks it up and throws the ball to a close fielder No fielder has communicated with the batsman. HOW DOES THE UMPIRE ANSWER AN APPEAL.?
8. A batsman hits the ball, the last one of the over and the ball rolls towards his wicket. He is concerned that he might be bowled so he kicks the ball away to guard his wicket. The batsmen then start to run before a fielder picks up the ball and throws it at the bowler's end wicket. The ball misses the wicket. The batsmen had crossed on their first run before the fielder threw the ball. What should the umpire at the bowler's end do.?
9. The striker
hits the ball a second time in safeguarding his wicket and it goes towards
square leg. The batsmen run. A fielder picks up and throws the ball which hits
a fielder’s helmet on the ground behind the wicket-keeper, it hits the helmet
before the batsmen have completed the first run. WHAT should you as
bowler's end umpire do.?
10. A straight drive played along the ground by the striker is wilfully stopped by the non-striker with his hand not holding the bat (not in self-defence). There is an appeal. You are the bowler's end umpire. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?. Would your decision be different if the handling prevented the bowler from taking a catch?.
Follow the above laws and enjoy the game of cricket.
Umpires and Scorers Association.